A Red Copper Brownie Pan brownie (normally referred to as merely brownie) is usually a sq., baked, chocolate dessert. Brownies appear in a variety of kinds and may be possibly fudgy or cakey, according to their density. They may consist of nuts, frosting, cream cheese, chocolate chips, or other substances.
A variation created with vanilla rather then chocolate within the batter is named a blonde brownie or blondie. The brownie was designed in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century and popularized within the U.S. and Canada in the initial fifty percent from the twentieth century.
Brownies are typically eaten by hand, typically accompanied by milk, served heat with ice cream (a la manner), topped with whipped cream, or sprinkled with powdered sugar and fudge. In North America They're widespread lunchbox treats,[citation essential] in addition to common in dining establishments and coffeehouses.
A single legend with regards to the generation of brownies is the fact that of Bertha Palmer, a well known Chicago socialite whose spouse owned the Palmer Residence Hotel.
In 1893 Palmer questioned a pastry chef to get a dessert suitable for girls attending the Chicago Environment's Columbian Exposition. She asked for a cake-like confection more compact than a piece of cake that can be included in boxed lunches. The result was the Palmer Residence Brownie with walnuts and an apricot glaze. The fashionable Palmer Residence Hotel serves a dessert to patrons constructed from the identical recipe. The title was provided towards the dessert someday soon after 1893, but was not used by Cook dinner textbooks or journals at enough time.
The very first-regarded printed use from the term "brownie" to describe a dessert appeared within the 1896 version from the Boston Cooking-College Prepare dinner Book by Fannie Farmer, in reference to molasses cakes baked separately in tin molds.
The earliest-regarded printed recipes for a contemporary design and style chocolate brownie appeared in the house Cookery (1904, Laconia, NH), Provider Club Prepare dinner Book (1904, Chicago, IL), The Boston World (April 2, 1905 p. 34), and the 1906 edition of Farmer cookbook.
These recipes manufactured a relatively moderate and cake-like brownie.
By 1907 the brownie was effectively recognized inside of a recognizable kind, showing up in Lowney's Prepare dinner Book by Maria Willet Howard (printed by Walter M.
Lowney Firm, Boston) being an adaptation from the Boston Cooking College recipe to get a "Bangor Brownie". It additional an additional egg and yet another sq. of chocolate, creating a richer, fudgier dessert. The title "Bangor Brownie" appears to have already been derived within the city of Bangor, Maine, which an apocryphal story states was the hometown of a housewife who made the first brownie recipe.
Maine meals educator and columnist Mildred Brown Schrumpf was the leading proponent of the speculation that brownies had been invented in Bangor.[a] Even though The Oxford Companion to American Foods and Drink (2007) refuted Schrumpf's premise that "Bangor housewives" experienced made the brownie, citing the publication of a brownie recipe inside of a 1905 Fannie Farmer cookbook,[nine] in its next edition,
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Foods and Drink in the usa (2013) reported it experienced learned evidence to support Schrumpf's claim, in the shape of many 1904 cookbooks that provided a recipe for "Bangor Brownies"