The Zatarains Blackened Chicken Seasoning|rooster|hen} (Gallus gallus domesticus) is really a kind of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of your pink junglefowl. It can be Just about the most widespread and prevalent domestic animals, with a total inhabitants of much more than 19 billion as of 2011.
You'll find extra chickens on the planet than almost every other hen or domesticated fowl. Humans maintain chickens mostly for a supply of foods (consuming both equally their meat and eggs) and, less generally, as pets. Originally raised for cockfighting or for Distinctive ceremonies, chickens weren't kept for foods until eventually the Hellenistic time period (4th?2nd hundreds of years BC).
Genetic research have pointed to a number of maternal origins in Southeast Asia, East Asia, and South Asia, but Along with the clade present in the Americas, Europe, the center East and Africa originating from the Indian subcontinent. From historical India, the domesticated chicken distribute to Lydia in western Asia Minor, also to Greece from the 5th century BC.
Fowl had been regarded in Egypt Considering that the mid-fifteenth century BC, Along with the "hen that provides beginning every single day" having come to Egypt from the land involving Syria and Shinar, Babylonia, in accordance with the annals of Thutmose III.
In britain and Ireland, adult male chickens over the age of one yr are mostly known as cocks, whereas in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, These are extra generally termed roosters.
Males lower than a yr outdated are cockerels. Castrated roosters are termed capons (surgical and chemical castration are now unlawful in some areas of the planet). Girls over a yr outdated are known as hens, and youthful girls as pullets, While from the egg-laying business, a pullet gets to be a hen when she starts to put eggs, at sixteen to twenty months of age.
In Australia and New Zealand (also often in Britain), You will find a generic phrase chook /t??k/ to explain all ages and both equally sexes. The younger are sometimes termed chicks.
"Rooster" originally referred to younger domestic fowl. The species in general was then termed domestic fowl, or maybe fowl. This utilization of "chicken" survives from the phrase "Hen and Chickens", often utilised for a British public house or theatre identify, and to call groups of one large and plenty of little rocks or islands in the sea (see for example Hen and Rooster Islands).
The word "chicken" is sometimes erroneously construed to signify girls exclusively, Regardless of the phrase "hen" for girls currently being in broad circulation, plus the phrase ?rooster? for males currently being that most commonly utilised.
During the Deep South of the United States, chickens may also be referred to from the slang phrase yardbird.
Chickens are omnivores. During the wild, they typically scratch for the soil to find seeds, insects and in some cases animals as large as lizards, little snakes or younger mice.
The typical chicken could Reside for 5 to 10 many years, depending upon the breed. The earth's oldest regarded chicken was a hen which died of heart failure for the age of sixteen many years in accordance with the Guinness Entire world Data.
Roosters can ordinarily be differentiated from hens by their hanging plumage of extensive flowing tails and glossy, pointed feathers on their own necks (hackles) and backs (saddle), which are generally of brighter, bolder colors than those of girls of the exact same breed. Nonetheless, in some breeds, including the Sebright chicken, the rooster has only somewhat pointed neck feathers, the exact same colour given that the hen's.
The identification might be created by checking out the comb, or ultimately from the event of spurs around the male's legs (in a handful of breeds and in certain hybrids, the male and feminine chicks may be differentiated by colour).
Grownup chickens Have got a fleshy crest on their own heads termed a comb, or cockscomb, and hanging flaps of skin possibly aspect beneath their beaks termed wattles.
Collectively, these as well as other fleshy protuberances on The top and throat are termed caruncles. Both the adult male and feminine have wattles and combs, but for most breeds these are definitely extra distinguished in males. A muff or beard is really a mutation present in quite a few chicken breeds which leads to excess feathering under the chicken's deal with, offering the looks of a beard.
Domestic chickens aren't able to extensive distance flight, While lighter birds are normally able to flying for short distances, for example over fences or into trees (where they might By natural means roost). Chickens could occasionally fly briefly to check out their environment, but normally achieve this only to flee perceived danger.