The Yukon Gold Seed Potatoes Canada can be a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum. In many contexts, potato refers to the edible tuber, but it surely might also consult with the plant alone. Popular or slang terms contain tater, tattie and spud. Potatoes were being introduced to Europe in the next 50 % of the 16th century by the Spanish. Now They are really a staple foodstuff in several parts of the world and an integral Portion of Considerably of the world's foodstuff provide. As of 2014, potatoes were being the world's fourth-premier foodstuff crop immediately after maize (corn), wheat, and rice.
Wild potato species can be found all over the Americas, from The us to southern Chile. The potato was at first thought to have been domesticated independently in many areas, but later on genetic screening of the wide array of cultivars and wild species traced only one origin for potatoes. In the area of present-day southern Peru and Intense northwestern Bolivia, from a species from the Solanum brevicaule sophisticated, potatoes were being domesticated roughly 7,000?10,000 many years ago. During the Andes area of South The usa, where by the species is indigenous, some close kinfolk of the potato are cultivated.
Following millennia of selective breeding, you'll find now about one,000 differing kinds of potatoes. In excess of ninety nine% of presently cultivated potatoes around the globe descended from varieties that originated from the lowlands of south-central Chile, that have displaced formerly common varieties from the Andes.
The necessity of the potato to be a foodstuff supply and culinary component may differ by area and continues to be switching. It stays an essential crop in Europe, especially japanese and central Europe, where by for each capita production continues to be the highest in the world, though the most rapid growth in production in the last handful of a long time has happened in southern and japanese Asia, with China and India top the world in In general production as of 2014.
Becoming a nightshade much like tomatoes, the vegetative and fruiting parts of the potato contain the toxin solanine and are not match for human use. Ordinary potato tubers which were developed and saved effectively create glycoalkaloids in amounts small enough for being negligible to human overall health, but when green sections of the plant (specifically sprouts and skins) are exposed to light, the tuber can accumulate a higher adequate concentration of glycoalkaloids to have an impact on human overall health.
The English phrase potato comes from Spanish patata (the name used in Spain). The Spanish Royal Academy states the Spanish phrase can be a hybrid of the Ta?no batata (sweet potato) and the Quechua papa (potato). The name at first referred for the sweet potato Even though the two vegetation are usually not closely similar. The 16th-century English herbalist John Gerard referred to sweet potatoes as "prevalent potatoes", and applied the terms "bastard potatoes" and "Virginia potatoes" for that species we now connect with "potato". In lots of the chronicles detailing agriculture and vegetation, no difference is manufactured amongst the two. Potatoes are sometimes called "Irish potatoes" or "white potatoes" in The us, to differentiate them from sweet potatoes.
The name spud for a small potato comes from the digging of soil (or perhaps a hole) before the planting of potatoes. The phrase has an mysterious origin and was at first (c. 1440) applied to be a time period for a short knife or dagger, probably linked to the Latin "spad-" a phrase root this means "sword"; cf. Spanish "espada", English "spade" and "spadroon". It subsequently transferred about to a number of digging tools. All-around 1845, the name transferred for the tuber alone, the primary file of the use remaining in New Zealand English. The origin of the phrase "spud" has erroneously been attributed to an 18th-century activist group devoted to preserving the potato out of Britain, calling alone The Modern society for that Prevention of Unwholesome Diet plan (S.P.U.D.). It was Mario Pei's 1949 The Tale of Language that could be blamed for that phrase's Phony origin. Pei writes, "the potato, for its section, was in disrepute some centuries ago. Some Englishmen who didn't extravagant potatoes fashioned a Modern society for that Prevention of Unwholesome Diet plan. The initials of the principle phrases On this title gave rise to spud." Like most other pre-20th century acronymic origins, this is false, and there's no proof that a Modern society for that Prevention of Unwholesome Diet plan ever existed.
Potato vegetation are herbaceous perennials that develop about 60 cm (24 in) higher, determined by selection, Along with the leaves dying back again immediately after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. They bear white, pink, pink, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens. Generally speaking, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, though Those people of varieties with colored flowers are inclined to acquire pinkish skins. Potatoes are primarily cross-pollinated by insects for example bumblebees, which carry pollen from other potato vegetation, while a substantial number of self-fertilizing takes place in addition. Tubers type in reaction to decreasing day duration, Whilst this inclination has long been minimized in professional varieties.
Immediately after flowering, potato vegetation create smaller green fruits that resemble green cherry tomatoes, Each individual that contains about three hundred seeds. Like all parts of the plant apart from the tubers, the fruit contain the poisonous alkaloid solanine and are for that reason unsuitable for use. All new potato varieties are developed from seeds, also referred to as "genuine potato seed", "TPS" or "botanical seed" to differentiate it from seed tubers. New varieties developed from seed is often propagated vegetatively by planting tubers, parts of tubers Reduce to include not less than a couple of eyes, or cuttings, a observe used in greenhouses for that production of wholesome seed tubers. Crops propagated from tubers are clones of the parent, whereas Those people propagated from seed create a range of different varieties.